Port Canaveral is a cruise, cargo and naval port in Brevard County, Florida, United States. It is one of the busiest cruise ports in the world with nearly 2.8 million multi-day cruise passengers passing through during 2010. As a deep water cargo port, it has a high volume of traffic. Over 3,000,000 short tons (2,700,000 t) of bulk cargo moves through each year. Common cargo includes cement, petroleum and aggregate. The port has conveyors and hoppers for loading products directly into trucks, and facilities for bulk cargo containers. The channel is about 44 feet (13 m) deep.
There is 750,000 square feet (70,000 m2) of covered freight storage capacity. It handled 4,000,000 short tons (3,600,000 t) of cargo in 2004. The port exports fresh citrus; bulk frozen citrus juice stored in one of the largest freezer warehouses in the state; cement and building materials. The port receives lumber, salt for water softening, automobiles, and steel sheet and plate. It transships items for land, sea, air and space. Port Canaveral’s Foreign Trade Zone is among the largest general purpose FTZs in the nation – over 5 square miles (13 km2). The port boosts Brevard’s economy by 1/2 billion dollars annually.
In April 2007, shipping was off 25.6% for the previous six months compared to the previous year, down to 295,965 short tons (268,495 t) per months.This had risen to 401,544 short tons (364,275 t) in August 2010.
Ten ships, average, enter the port each day
Ships based out of Port Canaveral
As of March 2012, the following cruise ships home-port at Port Canaveral:
Carnival Sensation (Carnival Cruise Lines) sailing Thursdays and Sundays
Carnival Ecstasy (Carnival Cruise Lines) sailing every other Monday, Thursday, and Saturday.
Carnival Dream (Carnival Cruise Lines) sailing Saturdays
Norwegian Sun (Norwegian Cruise Lines) sailing Saturdays
Disney Dream (Disney Cruise Lines) sailing Sundays,Thursdays,and Fridays
Disney Fantasy (Disney Cruise Lines) sailing Saturdays
Monarch of the Seas (Royal Caribbean) sailing Fridays and Mondays (ending in 2013)
Freedom of the Seas (Royal Caribbean) sailing Sundays
Enchantment of the Seas (Royal Caribbean) sailing Fridays and Mondays beginning in 2013 with the departure of the Monarch
In 2011, about 75% of cargo was fuel. Overall tonnage rose 40% ahead of 2010.
In fiscal year 2007-8, there was a 44.5% drop in cargo in October and November compared with the preceding year. Multiday cruise passengers dropped 14.4%, and gambling passengers dropped 23.7%. Cargo slowdown was attributed to a slowdown in construction in Florida due to the weakened housing market. In 2008, cruise passengers held fairly steady at about 200,000 per month for the year.
In 2007, cement imports, tied to construction, was 13,917 short tons (12,625 t), a drop of 87.6% for the two-month comparison with the previous year. Petroleum, the ports largest single import, was 129,256 short tons (117,259 t), a drop of 25% over the same period. The port handled 11.3 million barrels (1,800,000 m3) of petroleum, equivalent to 473 million US gallons (1,790,000 m3) of fuel in 2010.
Carnival has 140 employees resident at the port.
The channel leading to the port is 400 feet (120 m) wide and 3.5 miles (5.6 km) long